Trust Issues: Why Trust Matters in International Development

Trust is a familiar concept, yet one too often ignored in programme design. It isan essential ingredient of mutually beneficial human relationships. Internationaldevelopment projects, particularly those in the field of governance, rely on relationshipsto meet their objectives. Trust smooths collaboration between project staff, donors,local stakeholders, governments, and, ultimately, the people who benefit fromprogramming. Despite its…

People on the Move: Strengthening Adaptation Responses to Support Human Movement in a Changing Climate

Risks associated with climate variability and change are increasingly recognized as drivers of both internal migration and displacement. This study contributes to the growing field exploring adaptation responses to climate-related human movement by firstly examining the role of climate variability and change and climate-induced hazards as risk multipliers in the context of human movement. The…

Why Tackling Energy Governance in Developing Countries Needs a Different Approach

This paper outlines the size and nature of the energy challenge, with a focus on electricity. It describes the investments that are currently being made to improve the quality of power and access to electricity — and the growing evidence that investments often fail due to poor energy governance. The paper then delves more deeply…

White Paper: Private Sector Engagement to Advance and Sustain Health Supply Chain Resiliency

This paper provides an overview of the key benefits and challenges of private sector engagement (PSE) in health supply chains, describes a supply chain maturity framework to inform PSE approaches in different country contexts, and provides an assessment tool to help understand the nuances and implications of a country’s political economy and stability, market capacity,…

Leveraging Private Sector Transportation/Logistics Services in Nigeria

A study was conducted using a descriptive method to assess 3PL performance in a system implemented by the USAID Global Health Supply Chain-Procurement and Supply Management (GHSC-PSM) project in Nigeria. Specimen quantities transported by the 3PLs providers over six months were compared to the quantities transported in the period prior to implementation. Using the 3PLs…

Quality Considerations of Zambian Wholesalers and Regulatory Authorities to Increase Availability and Access to Quality Maternal Newborn, and Child Health Products

The majority of MNCH products and services are provided through the public sector, and as a result, the Government of Zambia is the primary client for wholesalers that supply MNCH commodities. Wholesaler representatives noted challenges in their macro-operating environment, including large and often delayed government payments. When sourcing MNCH products, wholesalers often noted quality as…

Vendor Managed Inventory: Shorter Lead time, Great Cost Savings, Larger Health Impact

The global demand for male condoms and voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) kits as preventative measures for contracting HIV/AIDS has been steadily increasing. As demand soars, lead times to manufacture and deliver commodities from a limited number of pre-qualified vendors have also been on the rise. With several social marketing campaigns of male condoms and…

Formalization of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Colombia: A Proposal for Improving Environmental, Social, and Economic Performance in a Post-Conflict Scenario

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is an important economic activity in many rural areas, with a long tradition in Colombia. High rates of informality undermine governance, security, and legal economies, and cause significant environmental and social impacts. As the government of Colombia consolidates post-conflict conditions, the United States and Switzerland are providing assistance through…

Measuring Community Norms Around Women’s Empowerment in the West Bank: Opportunities and Challenges of a Novel Approach Using Cultural Consensus

Understanding cultural norms is essential to achieving results in development interventions and preventing interventions from causing unintended negative consequences. However, capturing norms within everyday contexts in ways that can be monitored and evaluated can be expensive and time consuming and is not always feasible. We tested a novel method, the cultural consensus analysis (CCA), in…

How USAID’s Solicitations and Resulting Awards Include Underrepresented Groups

The paper’s background section explains why the study focused on these four social groups and explores the diversity that exists across and within them. In addition, the paper examines whether it is effective to use the phrase “vulnerable groups” to refer to the collection of social groups that programming is intended to include. The paper…