Improving Services and Strengthening Cohesion in Fragile States: The Case of Iraq.

Paper | December 31, 2014

This paper provides a detailed overview of how USAID assisted the Iraqi government in reinforcing state cohesion and providing a more inclusive governance model at all levels through its Governance Strengthening Program, known locally as Taqadum, implemented by Chemonics.

Iraq’s decentralization process provided elected provincial officials with political and economic incentives to take responsibility for service delivery and to challenge bureaucratic bottlenecks at the central level. The project used a series of financial, administrative, legal, and service-delivery frameworks that provide detailed steps for the transfer of directorates, staff, and real assets and that develop local government capacity to provide services effectively. This helped reduce legal and administrative hurdles to reform and build the capacity of provincial actors to deliver services effectually.